Climate Ambition Alliance: Nations push to upscale action by 2020 and achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050

23 SEPT. 2019


Today, at the 2019 Climate Action Summit, the President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, reported on the outcomes and achievements of the Mitigation Strategy Coalition. Chile has led the work of this Coalition since the beginning of this year, at the request of the Secretary General Antonio Guterres and with the support of UN Climate Change and the UN Development Programme.
In that context, President Piñera announced that 59 nations have signaled their intention to submit an enhanced climate action plan (or Nationally Determined Contribution), and he acknowledged those 11 nations who have started an internal process to boost ambition and have this reflected in their national plans by 2020, as established in the Paris Agreement (full list in Annex 1).

He also stated that 66 Parties to the UNFCCC, 10 regions, 102 cities, 93 businesses and 12 investors are working towards achieving net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. This demonstrates clearly that both State and non-State actors recognize the urgent need to take ambitious action to address the climate change emergency (full list in Annex 2).

President Piñera expressed that “Today we are announcing a historic, groundbreaking Climate Ambition Alliance. Many Leaders have shown that boosting NDC ambition is both necessary and possible, but other nations must follow. 2020 is just around the corner and we must realize that decisions need to be made now. We are the first generation to suffer the effects of climate change and the last one that can do something about it”.

While President Piñera explained that Chile will continue to lead efforts on mitigation on the road towards COP25, those efforts will now continue under the new Climate Ambition Alliance. This Alliance, launched by Chile during the Climate Action Summit, will also include strong actions on adaptation and an active involvement of the private sector. All efforts will aim to accelerate the transformation needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and ultimately stabilize global temperature rise at 1.5C.

Under the Mitigation Track of the Climate Ambition Alliance, President Piñera explained that Chile will focus on the submission of enhanced Nationally Determined Contributions; reaching new commitments to achieve Net Zero by 2050; and the implementation of measures to strengthen the protection of forests and oceans.

Under the Adaptation Track of the Climate Ambition Alliance, Chile will lead strong actions to improve the management of water, resilience in infrastructure and the sustainability of cities. 
"The consequences of failing to achieve net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050 would be enormous," said UN Secretary General António Guterres. "It would have a domino effect on every major development challenge humanity faces, increase loss of life due to extreme weather emergencies and drastically set back the global economy. It would be unconscionable to leave a legacy of neglect to our children. Instead, nations must boost the ambition of their national climate action plans by 2020, and show leadership in reaching this crucial goal for our world."

In its capacity as host and presidency of the next United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25) next December, Chile will continue to encourage nations, regions, cities, businesses and investors to act and join this multi-stakeholders Ambition Alliance towards achieving concrete results in mitigation and adaptation strategies.
It’s time for action.

The 2019 Climate Summit

The 2019 UN Climate Summit represents a significant opportunity for a cleaner, healthier and more prosperous future. Government and business leaders have come together to strengthen their resolve to achieve net-zero CO2 emissions and safely keep the world from warming above 1.5 °C.  The momentum has been building since the Paris Agreement was adopted in 2015. This instrument provided the clear and urgent signal that we need to undergo a significant change to the way our economies operate.

 Despite this, the world is still running far behind. Climate change is the biggest threat to sustainable development and disproportionately burdens the poorest, marginalized and most vulnerable. Impacts, such as rising sea levels, increased drought and heat-waves, already threaten lives and livelihoods around the globe, with disastrous consequences for poverty eradication, human health, migration, and inequality.
To date, commitments made by countries under the Paris Agreement are not ambitious enough to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 °C. Latest scientific information indicates that global net CO2 emissions must fall to 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050. The purpose of the Summit is to boost ambition towards reaching those goals.

Annex I: Enhanced ambition in national climate plans
Under the Paris Agreement, Parties have been requested to present new or updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by 2020.  In this context, 59 countries are responding to the urgent need to reduce emissions in the next decade by signaling their intention to work towards enhancing the ambition of their NDCs by 2020.  In addition, 11 Countries have started internal processes in their national plans and policies to boost ambition by 2020.
The decisions to trigger the transformation to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement must be taken now; for this reason, other countries are encouraged to express their intention to join this list.
Countries that will enhance ambition of their NDCs by 2020:

  • Antigua and Barbuda[1] [2]
  • Argentina2
  • Bahamas1
  • Barbados1
  • Belarus
  • Belize1 2
  • Benin2
  • Burkina Faso2
  • Cabo Verde1
  • Chile2
  • Colombia2
  • Comoros1
  • Cook Islands1
  • Costa Rica2
  • Dominica1
  • Dominican Republic1 2
  • Ethiopia2
  • Federated Stated of Micronesia1
  • Fiji1 2
  • Georgia2
  • Ghana2
  • Grenada1 2
  • Guinea2
  • Guyana1
  • Jamaica1 2
  • Kiribati1
  • Lebanon2
  • Liberia2
  • Maldives1 2
  • Mali2
  • Mauritius1
  • Mexico2
  • Morocco2
  • Namibia2
  • Nauru1 2
  • Nicaragua2
  • Niue1
  • Norway2
  • Palau1
  • Panama2
  • Papua New Guinea1 2
  • Republic of Marshall Islands1 2
  • Samoa1
  • Seychelles1 2
  • Solomon Islands1
  • South Sudan
  • St. Kitts and Nevis1
  • St. Lucia1 2
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines1
  • Suriname1
  • Switzerland
  • Timor-Leste1
  • Tonga1
  • Trinidad and Tobago1
  • Tunisia2
  • Tuvalu1
  • Ukraine2
  • Uruguay2
  • Vanuatu1 2
Countries that have started internal processes in their national plans and policies to boost ambition by 2020
  • Denmark2
  • Finland
  • France2
  • Germany2
  • Iceland
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands2
  • Portugal
  • Spain2
  • Sweden2
  • United Kingdom2
Annex II: Net zero CO2 emissions by 2050
This list brings together countries, businesses, investors, cities and regions who are working towards achieving net-zero CO2 emissions by 2050. 
Under the Paris Agreement, Parties should communicate long-term, low-greenhouse gas emission development strategies which target the middle of the century.  66[3] Parties to the UNFCCC (full list below) are demonstrating genuine leadership either by having developed plans to achieve net zero CO2 emissions by 2050, by having identified this target as a long-term national goal, or by advancing consultations on a long-term strategy for climate-neutrality in line with the Paris Agreement.  The overall goal is clear and needs to be net-zero CO2 emissions in line with latest scientific information.
However, the deep transformation towards net zero CO2 emissions requires the mobilization of all actors across all segments of society.
Fortunately, 10 Regions, 102 Cities, 93 Businesses and 12 Investors (full lists below) are united behind this same target because they recognize the benefits of the low-carbon transition and, accordingly, are included in the alliance.
Regions – like those in the ‘Under2 Coalition’ – are in a particularly unique position to accelerate climate action, because they work at a level that allows for rapid action and experimentation. In doing so, they can support national governments to meet their climate targets and give them confidence to go further and faster.
Cities consume over two-thirds of the world’s energy, accounting for more than 70% of global energy-related CO2 emissions and are therefore critical to delivering a climate safe future. It’s estimated that the current share of the national Gross Domestic Product at risk from climate change exceeds $1.5 trillion in 301 major cities around the world. Signatories to ‘Deadline 2020’– representing cities with a population of 650 million people – are following a pathway that would deliver emissions reductions consistent with 1.5°C.
Businesses are also pledging net zero emissions, publicly committing to adopt science-based emissions reduction targets under the ‘Business Ambition for 1.5°C - Our Only Future’ campaign. These companies will be best-placed to thrive as the global economy undergoes a just transition to a net-zero future by 2050. Transitioning to a low-carbon, sustainable growth path could deliver a direct economic gain of $26 trillion through to 2030 and generate 65 million low-carbon jobs, compared to business-as-usual.
Investors too are helping to drive innovation and address the risks of runaway climate change. Meeting the long-term goal of the Paris Agreement requires annual investment of at least US$800 billion private resources, but the price of inaction is higher – impacting portfolios by as much as US$1.2 trillion. Low carbon technologies can offset the transition risk investors face.  UNEP’s Finance Initiative estimates that ‘green profits’ from these technologies could total US$2.1trillion in a 2°C world, the same report finds a 1.5°C world as the only one in which risk is outweighed by returns.
  • Antigua and Barbuda[4]
  • Argentina
  • Austria[5]
  • Bahamas4
  • Barbados4
  • Belgium
  • Belize4
  • Benin
  • Cabo Verde4
  • Chile5
  • Colombia5
  • Comoros4
  • Cook Islands4
  • Costa Rica5
  • Denmark5
  • Dominica4
  • Dominican Republic4
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia5
  • European Union
  • Federated Stated of Micronesia4
  • Fiji4
  • Finland5
  • France5
  • Germany5
  • Grenada4
  • Guyana4
  • Iceland5
  • Ireland
  • Italy5
  • Jamaica4
  • Kiribati4
  • Lebanon
  • Luxembourg5
  • Maldives4
  • Mauritius4
  • Mexico5
  • Monaco
  • Namibia
  • Nauru4
  • Netherlands5
  • New Zealand5
  • Nicaragua
  • Niue4
  • Palau4
  • Papua New Guinea4
  • Portugal5
  • Republic of Marshall Islands 4 5
  • Samoa4
  • Seychelles4
  • Solomon Islands4
  • South Sudan
  • Spain5
  • St. Kitts and Nevis4
  • St. Lucia4
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines4
  • Suriname4
  • Sweden5
  • Switzerland
  • Timor-Leste4 5
  • Tonga4
  • Trinidad and Tobago4
  • Tuvalu4
  • United Kingdom5
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu4
  • Australian Capital Territory (Australia)
  • California (USA)
  • Catalonia (Spain)
  • Hawaii (USA)
  • Jämtland Härjedalen (Sweden)
  • New York (USA)
  • Queensland (Australia)
  • Scotland (United Kingdom)
  • South Australia (Australia)
  • Victoria (Australia)
  • Aarhus (Denmark)
  • Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)
  • Accra (Ghana)
  • Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
  • Albertslund (Denmark)
  • Allerød (Denmark)
  • Amman (Jordan)
  • Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • Assens (Switzerland)
  • Athens (Greece)
  • Auckland (New Zealand)
  • Austin (USA)
  • Barcelona (Spain)
  • Beverly (USA)
  • Boston (USA)
  • Buenos Aires (Argentina)
  • Cape Town (South Africa)
  • Chengdu (China)
  • Chicago (USA)
  • Ciudad de México (Mexico)
  • Copenhagen (Denmark)
  • Curitiba (Brazil)
  • Dakar (Senegal)
  • Dallas (USA)
  • Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)
  • Dhaka (Bangladesh)
  • Dubai (United Arab Emirates)
  • Durban (eThekwini) (South Africa)
  • Fredericia (Denmark)
  • Frederiksberg (Denmark)
  • Frederikshavn (Denmark)
  • Guadalajara (Mexico)
  • Hanoi (Viet Nam)
  • Heidelberg (Germany)
  • Helsingør (Denmark)
  • Ho Chi Minh City (Viet Nam)
  • Hoboken (USA)
  • Høje-Taastrup (Denmark)
  • Hong Kong (China)
  • Honolulu (USA)
  • Houston (USA)
  • Jakarta (Indonesia)
  • Jammerbugt (Denmark)
  • Johannesburg (South Africa)
  • Kampala (Uganda)
  • Karachi (Pakistan)
  • Køge (Denmark)
  • Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
  • Lagos (Nigeria)
  • Lejre (Denmark)
  • Lemvig (Denmark)
  • Lima (Peru)
  • Lisbon (Portugal)
  • Lolland (Denmark)
  • London (United Kingdom)
  • Los Angeles (USA)
  • Madrid (Spain)
  • Medellín (Colombia)
  • Melbourne (Australia)
  • Middelfart (Denmark)
  • Milan (Italy)
  • Montréal (Canada)
  • Mosier (USA)
  • Nairobi (Kenya)
  • Nanjing (China)
  • New Orleans (USA)
  • New York City (USA)
  • Oslo (Norway)
  • Paris (France)
  • Philadelphia (USA)
  • Pittsburgh (USA)
  • Portland (USA)
  • Qingdao (China)
  • Quezon City (Philippines)
  • Quito (Ecuador)
  • Randers (Denmark)
  • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  • Rome (Italy)
  • Roskilde (Denmark)
  • Rotterdam (Netherlands)
  • Salt Lake City (USA)
  • Salvador (Brazil)
  • Samsø (Denmark)
  • San Francisco (USA)
  • Santa Monica (USA)
  • Santiago (Chile)
  • São Paulo (Brazil)
  • Seattle (USA)
  • Seoul (Republic of Korea)
  • Sønderborg (Denmark)
  • Stockholm (Sweden)
  • Sydney (Australia)
  • Tel Aviv (Israel)
  • Tokyo (Japan)
  • Tshwane (South Africa)
  • Vancouver (Canada)
  • Vejle (Denmark)
  • Venice (Italy)
  • Warsaw (Poland)
  • Washington, D.C. (USA)
  • West Hollywood (USA)
  • Yokohama (Japan)
‘Business Ambition for 1.5°C - Our Only Future’
  • AB Electrolux (Sweden)
  • ACCIONA (Spain)
  • ADEC Innovations (United Kingdom)
  • Alaya Consulting Limited (Hong Kong)
  • América Móvil S.A.B. de C.V. (Mexico)
  • Arab Printing Press (Lebanon)
  • ASICS Corporation (Japan)
  • AstraZeneca (United Kingdom)
  • Atlassian Corporation Plc (Australia)
  • Australian Ethical Investment (Australia)
  • Banka BioLoo (India)
  • Bharti Airtel Limited (India)
  • BT (United Kingdom)
  • Burberry Plc (United Kingdom)
  • Carbon Asset Developer Associates Grenada Limited (USA)
  • City Developments Limited (Singapore)
  • Co-operative Group Limited (the Co-op) (United Kingdom)
  • Croda International (United Kingdom)
  • Cybercom Group AB (Sweden)
  • Dalmia Cement (India)
  • Danone (France)
  • Deutsche Telekom AG (Germany)
  • Dexus (Australia)
  • Eco-Steel Africa Ltd. (Kenya)
  • Edge Environment (Australia)
  • EDP - Energias de Portugal S.A. (Portugal)
  • Elopak AS (Norway)
  • En+ Group (Russia)
  • Enel S.p.a. (Italy)
  • Ericsson Group (Sweden)
  • Firmenich (Switzerland)
  • Footprint (USA)
  • FullCycle (USA)
  • Globesight (United Arab Emirates)
  • Glovo (Spain)
  • Grupo Malwee (Brazil)
  • Guess, Inc. (USA)
  • Hannon Armstrong Capital, LLC (USA)
  • Hewlett Packard Enterprises (USA)
  • Iberdrola (Spain)
  • Ingka Group (Sweden)
  • Inter IKEA Group (Netherlands)
  • International Flavours & Fragrances Inc. (USA)
  • Intuit (USA)
  • Klabin S.A. (Brazil)
  • KLP (Norway)
  • Levi Strauss & Co. (USA)
  • L’Oréal (France)
  • MAAL Associates, LLC (USA)
  • MaCher (USA) Inc. (USA)
  • Mahindra Group (India)
  • Natura & Co (Brazil)
  • Nestlé S.A. (Switzerland)
  • Nokia (Finland)
  • Novo Nordisk (Denmark)
  • Novozymes (Denmark)
  • NRG Energy Inc. (USA)
  • Orange Group (France)
  • Ørsted (Denmark)
  • Pago Company Ltd. (Cameroon)
  • PensionDanmark (Denmark)
  • Pier2 Marketing (USA)
  • Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (India)
  • Royal DSM (Netherlands)
  • Saint-Gobain (France)
  •, Inc (USA)
  • SAP (Germany)
  • Scania (Sweden)
  • Schneider Electric (France)
  • Seventh Generation, Inc. (USA)
  • Signify (Netherlands)
  • Singapore Telecommunications Ltd (Singtel) (Singapore)
  • SkyPower (Canada)
  • Smart Phases Inc. (USA)
  • Sodexo (France)
  • SUEZ (France)
  • Swiss Reinsurance (Switzerland)
  • TDC A/S (Denmark)
  • Telefonica (Spain)
  • Telia (Sweden)
  • Unilever (United Kingdom)
  • Viña Concha y Toro (Chile)
  • Vodafone Group PLC (United Kingdom)
  • Wipro (India)
  • Zurich Insurance (Switzerland)
‘Net-Zero by 2050’
  • Broad Group (China)
  • Interface (USA)
  • Kering (France)
  • Safaricom (Kenya)
  • Tiffany & Co (USA)
  • Virgin Group (United Kingdom)
  • Alecta (Sweden)
  • Allianz SE (Germany)
  • AMF (France)
  • CalPERS (USA)
  • CDC (United Kingdom)
  • CDPQ (Canada)
  • Folksam Group (Sweden)
  • Nordea Life and Pension (Finland)
  • PensionDanmark (Denmark)
  • Storebrand (Norway)
  • Swiss Re (Switzerland)
  • Zurich (Switzerland)
[1] This country belongs to the SIDS 2020 Ambition Leadership Coalition, which promotes more ambitious climate action through new and updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the development of Long-term Low Greenhouse Gas Emission Development Strategies (LT-LEDS) in Small Island Developing States in the context of the necessary means of implementation being made available.
[2] This country is a member of the NDC Partnership. Members are working together to provide technical assistance and capacity building to effectively implement current NDCs and increase ambition.
[3] This list counts the EU as a single entry.
[4] This country belongs to the SIDS 2020 Ambition Leadership Coalition, which promotes more ambitious climate action through new and updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the development of Long-term Low Greenhouse Gas Emission Development Strategies (LT-LEDS) in Small Island Developing States in the context of the necessary means of implementation being made available.
[5] This country is part of the Carbon Neutrality Coalition, which brings together countries that agreed to develop ambitious long-term low emissions development strategies to transition to a net-zero greenhouse gases and climate-resilient future.  Some members of the coalition are in the process of reviewing their 2050 commitments.
[6] These 10 states and regions are leading members of the ‘Under2 Coalition’ of states and regions committed to climate action. Members of the Under2 Coalition commit to long term decarbonization in line with the Paris Agreement by planning their pathway to 2050 and are transparent with their climate action by disclosing their progress every year.
[7] These cities are signed-up to ‘Deadline 2020’ with aim to limit warming to 1.5 degrees and meet the ambitions of the Paris Agreement.
[8] These businesses have made pledges under the ‘Business Ambition for 1.5°C - Our Only Future’ and ‘Net-Zero by 2050’ campaigns, representing leading companies that are already proving that a 1.5°C compliant business model is possible. They are publicly committing to adopt science-based emissions reduction targets, accelerating take-up of these targets as a business norm. They will be best-placed to thrive as the global economy undergoes a just transition to a net-zero future by 2050.
[9] These investors are part of ‘UN-Convened Net Zero Asset Owner Alliance’, committing to ‎net-zero by 2050 with intermediate targets and references 1.5 °C.‎


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